The greatest challenge in designing a statement building is not the construction technology involved, but how the building reflects the culture in which it functions. The spirit of architecture lies in the balance between local culture and internationalism.
Art and Culture - the Basis for the Future
In the West, a tall building demands respect and attention from the spectators. To the Asians, it symbolizes a broader understanding and anticipation of things to come: we “climb” in order to “see further”.
Linking Taipei’s present and future, TAIPEI 101 Tower’s design is inspired by its cultural environment. Opening new possibilities, it embraces the future and moves forward with the world.
Stacking Upward on Luck
TAIPEI 101 Tower rises in 8 canted sections, a design based on the Chinese lucky number “8”. It is a homonym for prosperity in Chinese, and the 8 sections of the structure are designed to create rhythm in symmetry, introducing a new style for skyscrapers.
The segmented, subtly slanted exterior reduces the effects of wind and emergencies to mega-buildings. 8 floors comprise an independent section, reducing street-level wind caused by high-rises. Plants are laid out to ensure pedestrian safety and comfort. The building is designed to resemble a growing bamboo, a symbol of everlasting strength in Chinese culture.
At night the soft glow cast by TAIPEI 101 illuminates the sky above Taipei. Sections of the building glitter like facets of a diamond, with different levels reflecting light at various angles to present a variety of highlights.
“A state-of-the art structural system.”-THORNTON-TOMASETTI, U.S.A.The Tower is built on 380 concrete piles, sunk 80 meters into the ground. The world’s largest passive tuned mass wind damper, suspended from level 92 down to level 88, helps to ensure stability and comfort. Massive Steel Outrigger Trusses span between the columns on every eight floors. 36 columns provide vertical support, including eight mega columns around the perimeter. The structure is reinforced by a Moment Frame System linking the columns on all floors.
The Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) tests and manages all building, fire and life & safety systems. In addition to occupier safety, minimizing the impact on the environment is a primary objective.
“A comfortable, convenient, rapid, intelligent and safe transportation network to meet or exceed tenant and owner requirements.” - TOSHIBA, JAPAN
2 single-deck, 1,600 kg (24 persons) per deck
2004 Guinness Record fastest elevators in the world with aerodynamic, with aerodynamic pressure controlled cabs, ascend at 1,010 m/min.
10 double-deck, 2,040 kg (31 persons) per deck shuttle elevators serving the transfer floors
24 double-deck, 1,350 kg (20 persons) per deck, for access within 6 sub-zones (4 in each sub-zone)
3 single-deck (various capacities)
3 single-deck (2×2,040 kg, 1×4,800 kg)
Car Park Elevators
6 single-deck, 1,600 kg to tower lobby
Power Supply System
From Hulin and Shih Mao sub-stations, via separate 22.8KV cables, to High Voltage sub-stations located on Level B2.
Within the Tower, separate dual risers distribute power to the mechanical floors.
Each office floor and mechanical floor are connected to dual power distribution room, equip with two transformers, which minimizes the risk of connection failure.
Battery fed uninterrupted power supply that can control the security systems and remain in operation in case of power failure.
Eight diesel powered generators providing a total of 16,000 KW for continuous supply of electricity. Emergency generators provide about 70% of the Tower tenants’ power consumption needs.
Lightening rod are installed at the top of tower and at four corners of the balcony of each mechanical floor to avoid lightening risk.
The VAC system consists of the chiller, the glycol chiller and the ice storage tank.
VAC System Operation
- The chiller produces chilled water for night-time air conditioning.
- The glycol chiller precools the glycol solution, which passes through the ice storage tank, to supply daytime air conditioning.
- Variable Air Volume (VAV) boxes per floor.
- Individual control provides ability to vary temperature and wind speed.
- Separate 24-hour chilled water supply for computer rooms provided upon request.
To ensure the optimum working environment, the design of the VAV system is based on the standards of other world class architectures, the local weather patterns and future operating strategies.
Fire Protection System
In case of emergency, an emergency response center will immediately be set up in this building to allow the fire brigade to enter the disaster prevention center and to set up a disaster prevention command center.
- Non-flammable materials specified for use for base building and fit-out work throughout building. The tenants’ interior fit-out work must also use non-flammable materials.
- Firewalls, shutters and protective wall fillings divide building into discrete fire zones.
- Air conditioning automatically cut off where smoke detected.
- Addressable detectors distributed throughout building continuously take air samples to detect unusual fog.
- CCTV cameras in tower are also used for fire monitoring.
- Automatic sprinkler system throughout building. Basement and mechanical floor are equipped with water tanks.
- The mechanical floor water tank is driven by gravity so that power failure does not interrupt water supply.
- Each floor is equipped with fire hydrants and fire extinguishers, and parking lot uses foam fire extinguishers.
- Transformer and power generator rooms is protected by CO2 and FM-200 gases.
- Pressurized corridors on two sides of each floor and pressurized staircases provide emergency evacuation routes.
- Two fireproof refuge rooms on each mechanical floor on every 8 levels, which are connected by an outdoor refuge balcony, except for the refuge rooms on 25F.
- The refuge rooms are equipped with CCTV monitor, emergency phone, water and emergency kit.
- Office floors and key escape routes are protected by smoke exhaust system.
- Fireman’s lifts serve from basement to the top floor.
Chunghwa Telecom has installed the most advanced integrated telecommunications infrastructure. Two fiber-optic backbones, from separate Chunghwa Telecom central stations, enter the building at different points. Internal distribution from the Main Distribution Frames (MDFs) located on the 17th and 66th floors is via separate 10 Gbps backbones to an Intermediate Distribution Frame (IDF) located on each office floor.
To provide further telecoms redundancy, the Tower is equipped with three alternative means of communication:
Free Space Optics
Satellite (to two earth-stations)
- Fully computerized access control system, comprising readers throughout building. Controls access to building entrances, including car park, lobby turnstiles, elevators, and office floor fire escape doors (for re-entering)
- CCTV cameras and fiber optic cables ensure efficient transmission of security information.
- Constant communication and connection with city’s agencies such as Xinyi Police Bureau and Fire Bureau.
- International security guard company provides the building with 24 hour guarding and patrolling.
VAKS，Visitor Access Kiosk System
- 1F Lobby has installed 8 Visitor Access Kiosks, tenants’ visitors may contact tenants directly through this system to receive the visitor access cards. The visitors need not leave any identity documents to ensure privacy.
- Visitor Access Kiosk System records visitors image and could be provided to tenants.